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iPhone写真、アナログ写真、随想、詩作、 覚書き など。

04 19 2016 Concord Museum #1. Algonkians

 

先日 コンコードに行った時、初めてコンコードミュージアムに入った。
思っていたよりずっと面白い展示だった。エリアの歴史が概ね分かる。
レポートを、と思っていたが、時間が取れないまま過ぎそうなので、写真を捨てる前の整理にとどめる。(おまけに訳してない。そのエネルギーが無い。)
 
ということでアルゴンキアン(北米北部に大きく分布を広げており、このエリアの先住民)とソローさんに絞った自分用のエントリー。この二つにご興味お持ちの方がいらしたらどうぞ覗いていってくだされ。
 
ちなみにコンコードはボストン郊外の古い町で、エマーソンやオルコット、ソローなどアメリカ文学者を輩出したことで有名だが、昔から大都市に近いという利便性と田園風景を兼ね備えたために文化人達が好んで暮らし、革新の気風に満ちていた、ちょっとユニークな町で小さなファームや森が多くて美しい土地。暮らしたいけどアメリカ全土でも不動産が高いので今の私には到底無理。
 
今回はアルゴンキアン。
当然、ウィキやネット上でももっと詳しいことがわかるが、このミュージアムがどういう風に纏めていたか、の覚書き。 
 

Who were Algonkians?

In the 17th Century, the Algonkians (spear-fishers) were a loosely allied group of Native nations led by Sachems and Sagamores (chiefs), and Powwows (medicin people).  Concord's Algonkians traded with Native people surrounding regions and newly arrived Europeans.
 
 Their homes are easily moved.
Algonkians weetus had stick flames covered by reeds or bark mats. Insides were fireplaces and storage pits for food. Smoke holes in the roof were covered with adjustable mats in winter. The largest wootus used partitions to accommodate several families.
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They had strong spiritual beliefs.
Algonkians sought the guidance of nature spirits who would share with them how to live in harmony and peace with each other and the natural world.  Boys sought spiritual insights through vision quests during rites to passage to manhood.
  
Concord history before written records is revealed by artifacts --things made by people which were collected by townpeople interested in Concord's distant native past. 
The first collector of Native-American artifacts in Concord was Henry David Thoreau.
 
 
The Puritans
Puritans called this area Concord.
About 50 English families arrived here in 1635 to establish the Massachusetts Bay colony's first inland settlement. They were attracted by the area's rich natural resources, the potential for fur trading, and the land cleared by Algonkians. They chose the name Concord to express the hope that they would live in harmony and peace with each other.
 
The Algonkians
The Algonlians called this area Musketaquid
The Algonkians of Musketaquid ("the place grass or reeds") shaped the landscape through hunting, gathering and farming practices. In 1635 there were about 10 Algonkian families in the area.
 
 
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ミュージアムを撮らなかったので敷地内の隣の建物の窓。
 
コンコードミュージアム